12 Reasons Why People Drink

There are many drinking reasons for people. To celebrate a happy news, to have fun or to forget a problem can be a reason for alcohol. In the early stages of drinking, people often discover that alcohol produces a number of pleasant effects. These effects are very strong, so that people are not able to stop drinking even after they acknowledge that it is a problem for them. Here, there are a few of the drinking reasons both casual drinkers and alcoholics.

Many factors can increase the risk of alcohol abuse. People can start drinking alcohol for a reason and gradually develop a dependence on drinking. For example, drinking in difficult times (a death in the family or job loss) may trigger alcohol dependence in the long run.

The most common reasons why people start drinking are:

Feel Good

Using alcohol can give some people a feeling of distancing from the facts. The person belive that alcohol as an opportunity to get rid of the problems that are constantly occupying his mind. He thinks that he overcomes problems when he gets alcohol and feels psychologically good. This thought causes the person to turn to alcohol or to increase the amount of alcohol he / she has when they have difficulties in dealing with problems. However, continuous use of alcohol can become a serious drinking problem.

Dealing with the Loss

Losing a family member or a friend can disturb people emotionally. Alcohol can temporarily alleviate the sorrow that one feels. So that he / she uses it to overcome this difficult period. However, in some people this situation may turn into a drinking problem over time.

To Reduce Stress

For both moderate drinkers and alcoholics, alcohol has a calming effect. Using alcohol produces a sensation of pleasure, and can prevent anxiety or stress. Some people may use alcohol to avoid or cope with problems. Alcohol can temporarily reduce stress and help to focus attention elsewhere, but it never solves problems. However, frequent drinking creates tolerance that requires you to consume more alcohol to achieve the same effect. Therefore, relying on alcohol to reduce daily life stress can trigger the development of alcoholism.

Peer Effect and Adaptation to Social Environment

Human nature wants to adapt to the environment. Even someone who doesn’t use alcohol in his normal life tries to get alcohol to be accepted as part of the environment in a social atmosphere that everyone drinks.

Although the term “peer pressure” is generally associated with young people, it is not limited to secondary school, high school or college. Peer pressure for drinking alcohol can be at any stage of life. In this context, adult individuals who do not drink alcohol in their normal lives can be considered to have a tendency to drink in social environments such as weddings, parties or football games where alcohol is considered as part of the organization.

As a Result of Personality Traits

People with alcohol addiction often share similar personality traits. Alcohol dependence is more common among people who have low confidence and who are quiet and introspective, and those who have a stress in daily life and workplace. People who have difficulty controlling alcohol use may have the following characteristics:

  • Aggression
  • Being anxious
  • Depression
  • Difficulty in avoiding damage or harmful situations
  • Rebelliousness

People with the above characters have a higher risk of alcohol dependence.

Overcoming Anxiety

Some people are more anxious than others because of their nature, even routine events in daily life cause them to worry. Drinking reduces the individual’s concerns and makes them more comfortable in social situations. They think that they are able to manage their behavior more easily while they are under the influence of alcohol. Over time, this can lead to alcohol dependence.

Role-Model Relationship

Parents and others around the individual who take their behavior as an example play an important role in the first alcohol use. The drinking habits of family elders and relatives affect the drinking behavior of people. Individuals with alcohol addiction in their family have a risk of genetic and social dependence. For example, parents who have frequent drinking and alcohol use disorders are more likely to meet alcohol at an early age and not to manage alcohol use.

Family Structure

Some people may see alcohol as a remedy when they have problems communicating with their family and their environment or are unable to express their problems. Family violence, parents’ quarrel or separation, neglect or indifference are among the reasons for alcohol use.

Easy Accessibility

Ethyl alcohol can easily be obtained by fermentation of carbohydrates in fruit and cereals. For this reason, alcoholic beverages are known and used in almost every society throughout history. Especially after the industrial revolution, alcohol production and consumption increased rapidly.

Nowadays, alcohol consumption is very easy for young people and even children. Easy access to alcohol can lead to careless use of alcohol at earlier ages. This increases the risk of alcohol dependence.

Effects of Media

Today alcohol is widely introduced through the television, film, radio, advertisements and Internet. People who use alcohol are portrayed to have many friends, be nice or handsome and enjoying their life. This ensures that alcohol is acceptable and normal to humans. People are shown that using alcohol is a normal behavior and part of everyday life.

As part of normal developmental transitions

The adolescents are in search of more independence and freedom. During this period, young people can drink alcohol as part of the physical, emotional and social change that occurs at adolescence. In other words, drinking for them is part of self-discovery.


People can drink only to try and decide if alcohol is suitable for them.

In some business and working environments – hotels, restaurants, bars, pavilions, dormitories, ships and so on, the consumption of alcoholic beverages is higher in working people. Some of these individuals are constantly intertwined with alcohol, so that they can get to know the taste of alcohol and its effects in the course of time.


We tried to answer the question of why people drink alcohol. Both the moderate drinker and an alcoholic can start using alcohol for the same reasons. However, the point separating the alcoholic from the normal drinker is that it cannot control the drinking process. A normal drinker acts in a controlled manner while using alcohol and knows how to limit himself / herself. If a person loses his / her will after starting to drink and cannot stop at a desired stage, we can talk about alcoholism.

It should not be forgotten that the use of alcohol that starts with innocent reasons may turn into an alcohol addiction over time. Therefore, the best help for ourselves and those around us is to create an awareness that alcohol is a substance that can cause harmful effects and may result in physical, social and psychological destruction.

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